Social Participation and Accompanying Issues (GTBF)
GTBF researches central questions that arise from the other work packages for the individual citizen and society. This is done in an interdisciplinary manner and within the framework of qualitative and quantitative studies and, in particular, with the help of actively obtaining the citizen’s perspective.
The research questions are divided into five thematic areas:
1. Data Donations for Virtual Region Models
The use of personal data in the development of the digital twin places particular focus on the question of acceptance on the part of citizens. What influence do concerns about data protection and privacy have on the willingness to make one’s data available? Is a voluntary provision of personal data, a so-called data donation, an effective way to increase this willingness? Finally, it will be explored how donated data from citizens can be integrated and used in the virtual region model.
2. Interior: Effects on Passengers and Users
For the development of automated mobility, not only social acceptance plays a central role, but also the requirements of the users with regard to the vehicle interior, the mobility concept, as well as the well-being of the user. In research on human-machine interaction in the vehicle interior, some target groups, including women or groups of people with disabilities, are underrepresented. Participatory research (citizen participation) is used to investigate, among other things, the needs of women with regard to interaction in the interior, their design wishes for the interior design or requirements for accessibility. Furthermore, the focus of the project is particularly on the design of the interior of autonomous vehicles. The initial goal is to identify the wishes and requirements of citizens for autonomous traffic concepts by conducting surveys and user studies. Based on the results obtained in this way, new types of vehicle interior concepts are then to be designed that focus on the user. The developed designs will then be made visible and tangible by means of virtual reality and vehicle mock-ups.
3. Exterior: Communication with VRUs
Another open problem in road safety is the communication between automated vehicles and unprotected road users (pedestrians, cyclists or eScooter drivers) - with a lack of eye contact as automation increases. Using the digital twin in combination with VR environments, various interaction concepts are initially tested, selected prototypes are implemented and evaluated in a user study.
4. Social Dialogue
Over the duration of the project, civil society will be involved through targeted publicity measures. With the help of a showroom in the city centre of Ingolstadt, a central exchange platform will be created that enables dialogue with diverse interest groups. The goal is the Virtual Region Model being available as a web-based, spatial discussion platform for citizen participation. The result will be an easily accessible digital city model linked to a discussion forum, a so-called collaborative map. This can be used for citizen participation, e.g. by citizens adding comments to city objects such as street sections and buildings, but also to moving objects.
5. Business Model
By elaborating different application scenarios of the digital twin, actual implementation and usage of the digital twin can be ensured. Based on the scenarios, a concept for a long-term self-supporting business model will be developed.